Assignment: English Language Arts
Have you ever wanted to write something really romantic for your girlfriend or boyfriend? Shakespeare did it 450 years ago and his sonnet is still as popular today as it was long ago. this is a rap that has stood the test of time. Check it out.
Sonnet XVIII, Shall I Compare Thee?
By William Shakespeare
Shall I compare thee to a Summer's day?
Thou are more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And Summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd:
But thy eternal Summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st:
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
Answer the following questions:
1. How many quatrains are there in the poem?
2. How many couplet’s are there?
3. In the first line of the poem, what is being compared?
4. In line 2, “Temperate” means gentle. In Line 3, May is considered a summer month. What is Shakespeare trying to say in lines 2 and 3?
5. In line 4, Shakespeare uses a metaphor. What is it?
6. In line 5, what is the “eye of heaven?”
7. What does the personification mean in line 6, “his gold complexion dimmed?”
8. In line 7, every fair (woman or man) from fair sometimes declines… what does that mean?
9. In line 9: “thy eternal Summer shall not fade.” Line 10: You wont lose the beauty that you have. Line 11: Death will not brag that you are wandering around in the Underworld.
What is the poet trying to say in these lines 9,10, and 11?
10. In the final couplet, the last two lines of the poem, what is Shakespeare saying? (Hint: “this” referred to in the last line is referring to the poem itself. )